Asteroid Mathilde Asteroid 253 Mathilde was visited by the NEAR spacecraft on June 27, 1997, on its way to Eros. NEAR-Shoemaker flyby of asteroid Mathilde on the way to orbit and land on Eros.

Details as small as 380 meters (1,250 feet) can be discerned. Classification. Feb. 14, 2000: NEAR entered orbit around Eros becoming the first human-made object to orbit an asteroid. Dec. 23, 1998: S pacecraft flew by Eros for the first time.

The two biggest craters, Ishikari (29.3 km) and Karoo (33.4 km), are as wide as the asteroid's average radius. For future we can expect: Hayabusa (MUSES-C) to asteroid Itokawa, Rosetta to Comet Churyumov-Gerasmenko, Deep Impact to Comet Tempel 1, and Dawn to orbit … The part of the asteroid shown is about 59 by 47 km (36 by 29 miles) across. Feb. 12, 2001: NEAR touched down on Eros— the first time a U.S. spacecraft was the first to land on a celestial body. How Asteroid Belts Work.

Mathilde was found to be a heavily cratered C-type asteroid with an albedo of 0.045 and a low mean density of 1.3 gm/cm 3 (Ververka et al., 1994). June 27, 1997: Flyby of asteroid Mathilde.

253 Mathilde: The NEAR/Shoemaker spacecraft imaged the asteroid 253 Mathilde during a flyby on 27 June 1997. Stardust flyby of asteroid Annefrank and recent sample collection from Comet Wild 2.

Asteroid 951 (Gaspra) as seen by the Galileo spacecraft in 1991.

Asteroids lie within three regions of the solar system. Nasa’s Deep Space 1 flew by Braille and Stardust flew by Annefrank before collecting dust samples from the coma of the comet Wild 2.

by John Fuller.

The majority of the asteroids in the main asteroid belt fall under three categories: C-type (carbonaceous) - These make up about 75 percent of all known asteroids. Image courtesy NASA. This image mosaic of asteroid 253 Mathilde is constructed from four images acquired by the NEAR spacecraft on June 27, 1997.

Asteroid 253 Mathilde. The impacts appear to have blown big volumes off the asteroid, as suggested by the angular edges of the craters.

This was taken from a distance of 2,400 km (1,500 miles). Both these asteroids are in the main belt.

DS-1 flybys of asteroid Braille and Comet Borrelly. Jan. 23, 1998: NEAR flew by Earth for a gravity assist. Asteroid Characteristics. Mathilde is a C-type main-belt asteroid, 59 x 47 kilometers in size. Prev NEXT . Two further flybys of asteroids in this region followed. The asteroid has a number of very big craters, with the individual craters being named for coal fields and basins around the world. Nasa’s Near-Shoemaker spacecraft flew by Mathilde in 1997 before orbiting and landing on Eros. The International Astronomical Union approved the theme “birds and bird-like creatures in mythology” for naming surface features on asteroid Bennu. The triaxial dimensions are 66 × 48 × 46 km. 253 Mathilde is very dark. Sunlight is coming from the upper right.

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